Humanistic psychology is a viewpoint that stresses taking a look at the whole person and worries concepts such as free will, self-efficacy, and self-actualization. Instead of concentrating on dysfunction, humanistic psychology makes every effort to assist individuals meet their potential and maximize their wellness.
Humanistic psychology, also frequently described as humanism emerged during the 1950s as a response to the psychoanalysis and behaviorism that controlled psychology at the time. Psychoanalysis was concentrated on understanding the unconscious motivations that drive habits while behaviorism studied the conditioning processes that produce behavior.
Humanist thinkers felt that both psychoanalysis and behaviorism were too downhearted, either concentrating on the most terrible of feelings or stopping working to take into account the role of individual choice.
Nevertheless, it is not essential to think about these three schools of thought as completing components. Each branch of psychology has actually contributed to our understanding of the human mind and behavior. Humanistic psychology added yet another dimension that takes a more holistic view of the person.
As it established, humanistic psychology focused on each individual's prospective and stressed the importance of growth and self-actualization. The fundamental belief of humanistic psychology is that individuals are innately good which social and psychological issues arise from discrepancies from this natural propensity.
Humanism also suggests that individuals possess individual firm and that they are encouraged to utilize this free choice to pursue things that will assist them attain their complete capacity as people. This requirement for fulfillment and individual development is a crucial motivator of all habits. Individuals are continuously searching for brand-new ways to grow, to become better, to find out new things, and to experience psychological growth and self-actualization.
The early development of humanistic psychology was heavily affected by the works of a few key theorists, especially Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. Other prominent humanist thinkers included Rollo May and Erich Fromm.
In 1943, Maslow described his hierarchy of requirements in "A Theory of Human Motivation" released in Psychological Evaluation. Later on during the late 1950s, Abraham Maslow, and other psychologists convened to discuss developing an expert company dedicated to a more humanist approach to psychology. They concurred that subjects such as self-actualization, creativity, uniqueness, and associated topics were the main themes of this brand-new technique.
In 1951, Carl Rogers published Client-Centered Therapy, which explained his humanistic, client-directed approach to treatment. In 1961, Journal of Humanistic Psychology was developed.
It was in 1962 that the American Association for Humanistic Psychology was formed and by 1971, humanistic psychology become an APA division.
In 1962, Maslow released Toward a Psychology of Being, in which he described humanistic psychology as the "third force" in psychology. The second and first forces were behaviorism and psychoanalysis respectively.